Today we are looking at a popular breed and asking What Is An English Cocker Spaniel? Let’s find out some more about them.
History Of The English Cocker Spaniel
Table Of Contents
- History Of The English Cocker Spaniel
- Are Cocker Spaniels Good Family Dogs?
- Cocker spaniels are a social breed
- They are placid and less energetic
- They have a demanding coat
- They have musculoskeletal problems
- They are susceptible to food allergies
- Health Issues
- How much exercise do Cocker Spaniel puppies need?
With its upright withers and compact build, the English Cocker Spaniel is an active, good-natured, sports dog that stands high above the withers.
Cockers are divided into two categories: “field” or “working” cockers and “home” cockers.
This breed is more closely related to the working-dog forms of the Field Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel than the English Cocker.
The word cocker is believed to have originated from their use in the hunting of woodcock birds.
The breed can produce litters containing anywhere from three to twelve puppies.
Spaniel-type dogs have appeared in art and literature for about 500 years, and they are still popular today. In the beginning, land spaniels and water spaniels were the two types of spaniels that were kept in England.
It was not until the mid-19th century that the spaniels began to be distinguished from one another, leading to the development of the varieties that we know today.
Over time, the land spaniels got a little more specialized, and weight classes were introduced to differentiate the different sorts of dogs. Cockers weighed between 12 and 20 lb (5.5 and 9 kg), according to the 1840 Encyclopedia of Rural Sports.
It was not uncommon for Cockers and Springers to be born into the same litter during this time period. Even a puppy from a “Toy” sized bloodline has the potential to develop into a springer.
Spaniels were not utilized to retrieve wildlife according to the information available from these early sources. More often than not, they were employed to draw the game closer to the guns.
During the 1850s and 1860s, new varieties of Cockers were discovered and documented. There were Welsh Springer Spaniels and Devonshire Cocker Spaniels among the breeds. Aside from that, Cockers were a breed of little dogs descended from Sussex Spaniel litters.
The first stud books were produced in 1874 by the newly founded Kennel Club, which was established in 1873. Because of its greater size and shorter ears, the Welsh Cocker dog was reclassified as a Springer in 1903.
Prior to that, any spaniel weighing less than 25 lb (11 kg) was placed in the Cocker breeding pool.
Following the foundation of the Spaniel Club in 1885, the sport of conformation exhibited among spaniels got its start in earnest.
Before The Spaniel Club established breed standards for each of the types, the new Springer and Cocker were placed in the same class when they were first shown in competition. Eight years later, the Kennel Club decided to divide the two breeds.
Since then, the Springer and Cocker fans have successfully bred in the distinct characteristics that they sought in their dogs. Nowadays, breeds differ in more ways than only their weight.
When it comes to winning Best in Show at Crufts, the English Cocker Spaniel has been the most successful breed, having done so seven times between 1928 and 2009, with victories in the years 1930 to 1931, and 1938 to 1939, 1948 to 1950, and 1996 to 1996.
As an added bonus, the breed is represented by three of the four champions who have won the title on more than one occasion, with all three hailing from the H.S. Lloyd’s Ware Kennel.
Despite the fact that the competition only took place on four occasions during that period, the English Cocker Spaniel managed to be the only breed to have won the championship between 1938 and 1950. This was mostly due to World War II. The most recent best in show winner was Sh. Ch. Canigou Cambrai, who took home the honors in 1996.
Cocker spaniels are compassionate, determined, gentle, bright, athletic, alert, and resilient, and they make excellent companion animals for families.
The breed is not fond of being alone, and it will form a close attachment to a certain person within a family, usually the one who feeds it.
The breed is known for its optimism, intelligence, and flexibility, and it is also incredibly loyal and affectionate toward its owners. The English Cocker Spaniel is a happy dog with a cheerful disposition.
As a result of their strong working/obedience intelligence, they are ranked 18th in Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs. The name “merry cocker” was given to the breed because of its cheerful personality and constantly wagging tail. They can also be assertive while being loyal to their companion.
A high amount of socialization at a young age ensures that Cocker Spaniels get along well with people, children, other dogs, and other pets as they grow in maturity. Despite the fact that this breed appears to have a permanently wagging tail and enjoys being around people, it is not best suited to being left alone in the garden.
Large amounts of background noise, as well as rough treatment or handling, can cause stress in cockers.
With a gentle hand and enough positive reinforcement, the Cocker Spaniel may be trained to be an obedient and loving companion who has a pleasant, cheery disposition.
Are Cocker Spaniels Good Family Dogs?
A cocker spaniel is a highly intelligent breed, with a robust emotional IQ. While some families complain that the breed is too needy, they’re a highly sensitive breed and can sense when you’re lonely or anxious.
Here are the pros and cons of cocker spaniels as family pets.
Listed below are some of their qualities.
Read on to find out how these qualities make these dogs great companions.
The Cocker Spaniel is a social breed that enjoys spending time with its owner. These dogs can be shy and clingy when they are young, but they can develop into confident adults with proper socialization. Generally, Cockers are good with children.
They do require full-time owners. These dogs can live into their early teens and do well in most environments. Cockers require a moderate amount of exercise.
They are placid and less energetic
Many people believe that Cocker Spaniels are quiet, placid family dogs, and they are right. However, they have some faults that make them difficult to live with.
For example, some Cockers are excessively submissive and will urinate when they are intimidated or overexcited.
This is called excitable urination and it may go away with time.
They have a demanding coat
If you’re looking for a high-energy dog that’s affectionate and highly active, consider a Cocker Spaniel. The demanding coat and high energy level of a Cocker can make it an excellent addition to a family. However, if you’re planning on leaving your pup unsupervised for long periods of time, you’ll need to take the necessary steps to prepare the puppy for being left alone.
They have musculoskeletal problems
There are several types of musculoskeletal disorders in Cocker Spaniels, and it is important to know which ones affect your dog the most.
Luckily, most of these diseases are treatable, and you can prevent unnecessary pain and suffer from these diseases by being proactive about your dog’s health.
They are susceptible to food allergies
One in three dogs is affected by a food allergy, and a Cocker Spaniel may have a food allergy. Signs of the allergy include skin rashes, itchy ears, and even breathing problems.
The good news is that your dog is not likely to develop a food allergy if it is properly diagnosed and treated early.
However, if you suspect that your dog may be suffering from food allergies, you should visit a veterinarian to see what your dog is allergic to.
The typical longevity of an English Cocker Spaniel in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Canada is 12–15 years.
According to a survey conducted by the United Kingdom Kennel Club in 2004, the most prevalent reasons for death were cancer (30 percent), old age (17 percent), heart disease (9 percent), and “combinations” (7 percent )
According to the USA/Canada Health Surveys conducted in 1998 and 2002, the top causes of mortality were old age (40 percent) and cancer (22 percent ).
Bite difficulties, skin allergies, shyness, cataracts, deafness (which affects 6.3 percent of this breed’s canines), hostility towards other dogs, and benign tumors are all common health issues in English Cocker Spaniels.
The following are examples of unusual health problems that can affect English Cocker Spaniels: canine hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, canine dilated cardiomyopathy, and heart murmurs.
Dilated cardiomyopathy is frequently accompanied by irregular cardiac rhythms, sometimes known as arrhythmias, which can make therapy more difficult.
Cocker Spaniels can develop a nutritional type of dilated cardiomyopathy, which is connected with low blood concentrations of the amino acid taurine when they are overweight.
This kind of dilated cardiomyopathy is often reversible if the dog receives taurine supplementation throughout the treatment period.
How much exercise do Cocker Spaniel puppies need?
How much physical activity do Cocker Spaniel pups require?
I believe it is really vital that puppies receive the appropriate amount of activity without overdoing it.
They will have extra energy if they get too little activity; too much exercise will cause long-term injury to their growing joints.
In general, most puppies can begin walking after their second vaccination – around 10-12 weeks of age – and should get five minutes of structured exercise (such as their daily walks) for every month of their age until they are an adult, with the goal of increasing the amount of time they spend walking as they grow older
Every day, your Cocker Spaniel will require a least one hour of physical activity. This should be spread out throughout the day, with a few walks sprinkled in to give you plenty of opportunities to take a good smell around.
They’ll also require off-leash exercise in a safe environment so that they may burn off some of their excess energy.