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What Is A Kangal?

What Is a Kangal?

If you’re unfamiliar with the Kangal Dog breed, you’re not alone. Sivas, Turkey is home to this large and popular breed.

They were originally used to guard livestock, and today, they’re still a common sight in the city.

Originally, these dogs were bred to serve the people of Sivas. In modern times, they have become a popular dog breed throughout Turkey.

Here’s more about these remarkable dogs.

This large breed stands between 30 and 32 inches high and weighs from ninety to one hundred and fifty pounds.

They have a head that’s large compared to their body size and black velvet drop ears. They also have a moderate double coat that requires daily brushing.

And because they’re such large dogs, they require exercise to maintain their health and happiness.

However, despite these large-breed physical needs, a Kangal can be a joy to own and a great addition to any family.

It can be incredibly powerful. It has a deep chest and well-sprung ribs. Its eyes are round and range from golden to brown, and its ears are set deep in the skull.

The tail is long and curled and carries high over the back. It’s curled up when it’s alert. The sloping ears are part of its characteristic appearance.


The Kangal Dog is believed to have originated in the central Turkish region of Sivas.

A dog related to the Mastiff-type dogs that lived in the Assyrian Empire circa 600 B.C. is assumed to be the ancestor of this ancient breed.

Despite the fact that the Kangal Dog originated as a noble dog, it is today admired by those who value its capacity to work hard in the field.

Historically, the Turkish Shepherd Dog may be traced back to the East Anatolian Plateau of Turkey, where it first appeared at the beginning of the 12th century.

Because it is believed that the Kangal is connected to early mastiffs, they have been placed in the molosser family, with the American Mastiff and Bullmastiff, for better understanding.

The mission of Kangal Shepherd is to defend flocks of sheep, and in more recent years, herds of cattle, from predators.

He is adaptive to protecting a variety of animals (for example, birds), but they must first be taught and kept properly.

What Is A Kangal

Character & Temperament

The Kangal is a very intelligent breed and can easily adapt to its environment. They have a strong sense of smell and are alert to danger.

They also develop a sense of independence at about two years of age, so they can begin to think for themselves without the assistance of their owners.

To make them independent, you should establish your role as pack leader while they are still young.

This will ensure they follow your instructions and learn the behavior you wish them to have.

They are smart dogs capable of many things and to help them reach their potential, using programs like Brain Training For Dogs really helps.

Brain Training For Dogs

Health Concerns & Keeping Them Healthy

The Kangal’s physical appearance is impressive. It has a thick neck and may have a dewlap, preventing it from immobilizing the dog.

The back is well muscled and slants upward. The tail hangs low and is usually curled. The limbs are erect and well-set apart, thanks to the dense muscle mass in the thighs.

The chest is well-tucked, and the legs are firm.

Are Kangal Dogs Healthy?

In terms of health, the Kangal is not known to have many difficulties.

In fact, they are considered to be one of the healthiest dog breeds on the planet.

The Kangal Dog breed, like all dogs, is susceptible to a number of minor health issues, including benign tumors, entropion, and hip dysplasia, to name a few.

However, among of the most prevalent is entropion. Entropion is a malformation of the upper eyelid that causes the eyelid to curve inward.

Generally speaking though, the Kangal Dog is a healthy breed, and as long as they have been bred carefully, they are unlikely to suffer from any congenital abnormalities.


Big guys these and they are solid and very strong. From ninety to one hundred and fifty pounds is normal and some are even more than that!

Coat Care

Because of their short, dense double coat, they only require minor grooming. During the spring and winter seasons, they shed their coat twice a year.

The will require intensive brushing with a metal comb or a de-shedding tool at the start of each season. The will shed heavily during this time.

Dogs absolutely love these!


Their undercoat is swiftly cleaned of loose hair, which might become trapped by their coats, with the use of this equipment.

Following the bi-annual coat shed, they will require 30 minutes of grooming every month, which should include the following: Every week, you should spend five minutes brushing their coat. Once a month, have the nails cut.

Their dense hair sheds continuously throughout the year, indicating that they are not hyperallergic canines.

Brushing and combing your dog’s hair coat is an important aspect of providing daily pet care for your dog’s fur coat.

The act of combing helps to maintain the health of your Kangal Dog’s coat by removing loose hair and preventing the formation of hair mats and knots.

Brushing also aids in the distribution of healthy natural skin oils throughout the hair shaft, resulting in a glistening coat and the removal of dust particles from the hair.

This can also assist to reduce the need to bathe and, as a result, the frequency with which one bathes in general.

Keeping your Kangal Dog dog’s coat clean and groomed are activities that can help to strengthen the positive relationship bond that exists between you and your family pet.

It should be a pleasant and relaxing experience for both you and your pet when brushing his or her coat.

Exercise Requirements

Dogs like these are hardwired to be doing something therefore good quality exercise is vital. Between 1 to 3 hours of decent walks per day coupled with the time to play and sniff around your Kangal will stay healthy and lean.

Big dogs tend to pop the weight on so make sure you give them plenty of good quality exercise to keep them in trim.

As referred to earlier, dysplasia can be worsened with overweight dogs and this breed does have a tendency to put weight on if you are not mindful of the diet-exercise ratio.

Life Expectancy

These are great dogs that can easily live between 10 to 13 years with plenty of care, diet, and exercise.


Kangal Training

Unlike most dogs, Kangals are independent and intelligent. Training sessions should be short, interesting, and break into multiple shorter sessions.

The first step in Kangal training is to help your dog sit.

To do so, place your hand on the dog’s shoulder blades and push it down until it sits. You can also use the leash to help your dog lie down by pulling it diagonally while giving it the verbal command.

Over time, your dog will learn to perform the command without your assistance.

Once you’ve established that a Kangal will stay, you’ll need to train it to stay. Start by standing in front of him with the leash above his head.

Once he’s in position, pull the leash upwards, and hold that position. Repeat this command until your dog consistently stays in the same spot.

Remember that assertive techniques can have a lasting impact on your dog’s behavior. It’s best, to begin with, simple commands, such as “sit.”

Moreover, Kangals need extra training because their temperament is very different from other breeds. While most other breeds of dogs require regular obedience training to be able to protect their family, a Kangal’s safeguarding principles are different.

It’s best to seek the help of a professional trainer who doesn’t influence the animal’s behavior.

The main goal of a trainer is to educate the owner on the differences between the standard guarding rules of other dogs and the standards of a Kangal.

How Much Are They To Buy?

These are a fairly rare breed outside of Turkey so expect to be paying $1000+ for one of these dogs. Always get a pedigree puppy from an approved breeder.



A successful owner must be affectionate while also providing the dog with an active role and firm leadership in order for the dog to be successful.
This gorgeous guardian will become well-trained in flock management, security, and friendship if he receives consistent applied instruction and socialization throughout his life.
This breed has a lot to give in terms of devotion, bravery, and guardianship, to name a few characteristics.
They are calm and kind toward people they are familiar with, including youngsters and household pets. Territorial in all other respects.

Check out our great range of merchandise for this fabulous breed of dog below! We have all kinds of shirts, hoodies, fridge magnets and stickers, Mugs, and even kids-size shirts too!

Kangal Shirt

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