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What Is a Bolonka?

What Is a Bolonka?

Today we are looking to answer the question, What Is a Bolonka? This Russian breed of dog has some lap dog tendencies so let us find out more.

The Bolonka: History

Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a Russian breed that hails from the cities of Saint Petersburg and Moscow. During the 1700s, Louis XIV of France gave these small dogs’ ancestors as gifts to Russian aristocrats, and these dogs’ descendants are still alive today.

Bolonka (Bolonki, when plural) is a Russian street dog breed that was produced from crossbreeding companion dogs such as Bichon Frise, Pekingese, and French Bolognese with Russian street dogs.

The outcome was Tsvetnaya Bolonka, a Russian dog who was clever and outgoing.

Instead of little breeds such as Bolonki, which were considered superfluous extravagances in Russia, the country was famed for its working canines.

However, when Nikita Khrushchev came to power in the 1960s, things began to shift. Large working dogs became obsolete in Russian cities as a result of a lack of available housing and fast growth in the number of people living in apartments, resulting in an increase in the demand for smaller breeds.

In Russia, where the Bolonka has proven itself as a loyal companion and protector, there has been a steady growth in interest in the breed.

In exchange for assurances that breed standards would be maintained, the Russian Kennel Federation and the National Russian Bolonka Club agreed to permit dogs to be exported and bred in other countries.

What Is a Bolonka

Appearance and Physicality

Appearance in General

Bolonki are petite, well-balanced canines that are longer in length than they are in height. Beautiful movements, charming alert looks, and enthusiastic dispositions distinguish this breed from the rest of the herd.

Physical Characteristics

What does a Russian bolonka look like?

Bolonki has a compact physique, with broad, well-muscled backs, deep chests, and short, level loins, as well as deep chests and deep chests.

They have dark brown or hazel eyes that are medium in size and rounded in shape. Despite having small, high-set ears, they are held drooping or folded, and their noses are either solid black or the same color as their coat.

Bolonki are distinguished by their medium-length, high-set tails, which are carried across their backs or to one side.


Tsvetnaya Bolonka  Temperament
They are affectionate with their families and pleasant toward others. Bolonki are nice, even-tempered dogs who enjoy spending time with their owners.

Children adore them because of their diminutive stature and their energetic but laid-back attitudes (and Bolonki love them right back).

They have the ability to turn strangers into friends and convert individuals who are unfamiliar with the breed into ardent supporters of the breed.

Despite the fact that Bolonki is quick to alarm their owners if something appears to be wrong, they are not particularly vocal dogs and, with proper training, will not be a persistent barkers.

Despite its intelligence, this breed does well in a variety of environments, including apartment living.


Dogs of the Bolonki breed require high-quality dog food that is suited for their stage of life (e.g., puppy, adult, senior). A diet that is designed exclusively for tiny breed dogs is an excellent alternative to think about.

If a dog consumes an excessive amount of calories, he or she will become obese. To prevent overeating, portion out their food using a measuring cup and limit snacks to no more than 10% of their daily calories to avoid overindulging.

Health Concerns

Eye, patella, and heart tests should all be part of a routine physical checkup. Young dogs should not be encouraged to leap until they are fully grown, in order to avoid patella injuries.

In order to avoid corneal abrasions in the eyes, topknots should be secured tightly.

Despite the fact that hepatic shunt, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and PRA are not commonly encountered in Bolonki, competent breeders do screen their stock for these disorders.

Some dogs are predisposed to being overweight, so keep an eye on your dog’s calorie intake and overall weight.


Grooming is required on a regular basis to keep Bolonki’s lovely coats in top condition. It is recommended that they brush their hair with a wide-toothed comb several times per week to prevent it from becoming tangled or matted.

Bolonki’s faces, mustaches, and beards must also be cleaned on a daily basis. Tie their hair up in a bow on the top of their heads to prevent it from falling into their eyes, where it can cause irritation and redness to appear.

The importance of dental care should not be overlooked in addition to routine nail trimming and ear cleanings.

When Bolonki are puppies, begin a regular dental care practice that includes at-home teeth brushing as well as expert cleanings to ensure that they maintain good oral hygiene throughout their life.

What Is a Bolonka


Tsvetnaya Bolonka is more of a lapdog than an athlete in the Russian Federation. However, these dogs enjoy going for walks around the block, visiting the dog park, and exploring their fenced-in backyards.

Games such as fetch or hide-and-seek can also be effective in helping these small canines burn off excess energy.

Games and puzzle toys, as well as other possibilities for mental and physical stimulation, will help to keep this clever breed engaged and physically active. Aside from obedience competitions, Bolonki may also love hobbies such as rallying, tracking, and agility.


Bolonki are bright and self-sufficient, a combination that can make training a difficult task to complete. A systematic training program that involves positive reinforcement and rewards can lay the groundwork for teaching this toy breed the fundamentals of obedience and housebreaking (and new tricks).

Regular socialization is also necessary in order for Bolonki to feel comfortable with new people, pets, and environments, all of which are unknown to him.

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Some common questions about Balonki

How much is a Russian bolonka?

These little guys can cost anywhere between $1500 to $2500 and as long as you do your due diligence then everything should be fine.

However, if you see a puppy of this breed advertised for under $1000, beware. It could be a back street breeder or puppy mill and you do not want to use places like that. Check out what you need to know here…


Some interesting facts about this popular Russian breed

How long do bolonka dogs live?

These little guys can easily get to 16 years with a good quality owner who cares for them properly.

Are Bolonkas smart?

The Bolonka is an intelligent small dog, but they need regular stimulation to stay healthy. Their small stature makes them great pets for families with small children, but they should never be left alone outdoors.

Unlike other breeds, the Bolonka is easy to train and does not have any behavioral problems.

They enjoy playing tug of war and hide and seek with you. They are also great with other pets and early socialization will really help with this going forward.

Crate Training

If you have a crate, be sure to use it in the early days of training as it will be your dog’s safe space and will help them in terms of potty training and generally getting used to the boundaries you set in your home.

How big do bolonka dogs get?

The Bolonka is an ideal pet for small apartments and homes. This breed is small and adapts well to any size environment. These dogs mature at between seven and eleven inches tall, and weigh from four to eleven pounds.

They are small and can fit in a large handbag. Their petite size makes them an excellent choice for apartment dwellers.

Good Puppy Training Tips


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