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What Is A Belgian Malinois?

What Is A Belgian Malinois?

The Belgian Malinois is an alert, proud, and squarely built breed. They are very good for herding, which is why many of them are used for this type of work. However, they are strong and have lots of muscle definition.

They have elegant muscles, not bulky ones, signifying their power and strength.

This is the type of breed that enjoys an obedience routine, and they can be great to be around too.

So without further ado, let us dig a little deeper into this breed and find out a bit more about them.

What Is A Belgian Malinois?

Their History

Their history and Origin.
The Belgian Malinois is one of the varieties of Belgian Shepherd. Its history goes back to the 1880s.

When these dogs with German Shepherds, French shepherds, and Dutch shepherds they would be referred to as  Continentals Shepherd dogs.
The Belgian Malinois along with the Groenendael was the first variety to appear in the United States. In the early part of the 19 hundred’s, the Belgian sheepdog Club of America was formed and the breed began to show in the American Kennel Club in the early 1950s.
There were named after a Belgian city, the Belgian Malinois was developed in the Belgian city of Moline and was thus named for its birthplace.

4 types of Belgian Shepherd


The Belgian Malinois is known for being an obedient dog that enjoys a lot of exercise. Unlike other dogs that bark a lot and which can be a pain to deal with, the Belgian Malinois is always listening to you and it’s a very obedient dog. The fact that they are great for herding clearly shows that.

It’s one of the top dogs out there when it comes to obedience, so you have to keep that in mind.

The Belgian Malinois is one of the most loyal, hardworking breeds there is. A  Malinois also has its own unique work ethic and it excels at a wide variety of tasks.

The Belgian Malinois is a working breed with needs only an experienced owner can meet.
It’s a strong rugged dog and because of this, the Belgian Malinois exhibits a wide range of temperaments and aggressiveness.

For instance, this breed is not suitable for households with small erratic children. It’s kind of bred primarily as a working dog and for personal protection work and used in the Police force and Military

However, they can make fantastic pets with the right owner.

They Are Often Mistaken For German Shepherds

Belgian Malinois is often misunderstood as German Shepherds.
Many people mistake a Belgian Shepherd for a German Shepherd.
German Shepherds are a lot more different from Belgian Malinois.
German Shepherds are larger and more powerful than Belgian Malinois and they have a long-haired coat, whereas a Belgian Malinois has a short-haired coat and the Belgian Malinois is much more agile and active than a German Shepherd

The appearance and size of a  Belgian Malinois give the impression of elegant robustness and it is an enthusiastic and very quick dog with a natural tendency to be in motion.

What Is A Belgian Malinois?

Coat Care

A Belgian Malinois has a waterproof, short coat. That means it’s pretty easy to take care of it. You can use a medium bristle brush to take care of his coat occasionally.

A hound glove or a rubber grooming mitt will work just as well. It also helps distribute skin oils, while also promoting hair growth naturally. You also want to trim nails often if you can.

Not expensive and your dog will LOVE you for it!

Keep in mind that the Belgian Malinois will shed 2 times per year.

The coat should be comparatively short and straight and hard enough to be weather resistant with a dense undercoat. The basic coloring is a rich fawn and mahogany with black tips on the hairs giving an overlay appearance.
The Belgian Malinois is a double-coated breed and will generally shed twice a year, bathing when dirty and brushing once or twice a week.

This will keep your Belgian in tip-top condition.

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Like other, similar dog breeds, the Belgian Malinois males can have around 25 to 30 kgs in weight and females will have 20 to 25 kg. There are some slight variations


They have great health because the breed is primarily a working dog and has some of the most extensive health tests of any breed.
While veterinary tests and diagnostics can rule out genetic disorders, being able to work in demanding jobs like police and military work requires that a dog be both physically and mentally sound for many, many years because unfit dogs cannot be used for work like that and do not get bred, making the Malinois one of the healthiest dog breeds and existence.

It’s important to note that the Belgian Malinois is a healthy breed in general.

However, you do want to check elbow or hip dysplasia, just in case.

This breed can also have some minor eye health issues at times. Of course, brushing their teeth and taking care of their dental health are extremely important.

Ear infections are also something you want to monitor, just to be safe.

Life Expectancy

Your Belgian Malinois will live anywhere from 12 to 14 years. It might end up being more, based on how much you take care of him.

A blend of consistent exercise, a good diet, and plenty of love will be absolutely vital with this terrific breed, and improving your dog’s life through canine enrichment will only benefit both of you.

In the end, though, it’s very important to go to the vet often and perform the health checkups mentioned above.


A Belgian Malinois puppy with papers will be around $1000. However, superior lineage, show quality Belgian Malinois can go from $3500 and up to $9000.

Prices vary based on a multitude of factors, and every detail.


Exercise Requirements

The Belgian Malinois is one of those breeds that needs a lot of exercise. It’s a good idea to exercise side by side with your dog, if possible.

He is very dependent on human relationships, so he will always be eager to exercise with you.

They are great companions for hiking, running, and biking, and they do love exercising, plus they need it to stay in shape.

What Is A Belgian Malinois?


This breed is widely regarded as a very good breed for training. As we mentioned above, they are great for herding, so training them for something like that is very important.

They are easy to train, which helps a lot. However, this dog is demanding and needs an experienced owner.

For this reason, I would say that a Belgian may not be suitable for an inexperienced or first-time owner.

They are super smart and if they don’t respect you and see you as their alpha, then you may well have problems.

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Super Talented All Rounders

They are excellent search and rescue dogs.

They’re excellent and tracking and searching and can be trained very well for it.

Many Belgian Malinois are currently working as search dogs all over the world.

They have a super sense of smell with which is used for works like detecting and tracking and of course absolutely brilliant hearing!

Really, super smart!

Belgian Malinois has been one of the most widely used working dogs for hundreds of years.
But it came to the spotlight when SEAL Team Six used a Malinois named Kira to hunt and capture Osama Bin Laden back in 2011.

What Is A Belgian Malinois?

This spotlight is both beneficial and detrimental in one sense and it shows the true ability of the breed to be outstanding and reliable working dogs.

Seal dogs are given their own special body armor and even get their own night vision goggles. Moreover, Belgians also served in the First World War as messengers and assistance to the Red Cross.

According to some accounts, they also pulled ambulance carts and carts carrying firearms.

Belgian Malinois can skydive!

One of the reasons Belgian Malinois are favored over German Shepherd dogs for many military operations as they are better skydivers!

Malinois are lighter than German Shepherds, so it’s easier for a military parachutist to do partner jumps with their dogs strapped to them, they can even retrain to jump on their own, which is safer for the dogs when they land in the water.

The personality of the Belgian Malinois means that they excel not only in herding but also in protection and law enforcement, drug squads, bomb and gas detection, tracking, obedience, sledding, agility, and therapy assistance to disabled or elderly people.

What Is A Belgian Malinois

You name it, Belgian Malinois can do it all!

Their elegance in expressing dynamic and great strength of character makes them a proud representative of the herding breeds.

A wide range is seen in temperament and aggressiveness and they want nothing more than to be with their family, which makes them unsuitable as a kennel dog.
This is the dog that can actually assess situations and take the necessary actions to protect its owner.

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