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Rectal Polyps In Dogs

Rectal Polyps in Dogs

Today, we are looking at Rectal Polyps In Dogs.

When a dog has rectal polyps, it can become painful or cause the dog to strain to pass stool. The animal may also exhibit blood, mucus, or other abnormality in the stools.

This condition is most common in middle-aged and older dogs.

Some facts about them

The presence of rectal polyps in dogs is rare. The condition is considered benign in most cases. Although they are rare, the more significant the polyp, the more likely it is to be malignant.

Symptoms of rectal polyps include straining to defecate, blood in the feces, or diarrhea.

A veterinarian can feel the mass in the dog’s anus, and the patient can be diagnosed. In some cases, a biopsy may be necessary to confirm a diagnosis.

It is important to note that rectal polyps in dogs are not malignant, and can be cured without surgery. Surgical removal is usually successful in treating them.

They are harmless in most cases and can be treated by a vet.

The polyps are abnormal growths in the lower intestine of your dog.

They are usually characterized as growths that resemble flap-like tissue on the rectal and anal walls.

Most cases are noncancerous and don’t spread, but they can be painful and cause discomfort.

When a dog has rectal polyp symptoms, it is recommended to consult a veterinarian. The veterinarian will conduct a physical exam and perform a few tests to determine whether the tumor is cancerous or benign.

A urinalysis and complete blood count are the two most common tests that are performed on dogs. However, these tests usually return normal results.


Causes are not relatively well known but it does tend to occur a  lot more in middle-aged to older dogs and it isn’t breed-specific.

Symptoms to looks for

The most common signs of rectal polyps in dogs are straining to defecate, blood in the feces and diarrhea. Some dogs will even suffer from constipation and diarrhea.

A veterinarian can feel and see a polyp during an examination, as well as a biopsy of the tissue to determine the type. After the surgery, the dog will recover quickly, but new polyps may form.

Symptoms of rectal polyps in dogs are mild and noncancerous. Oftentimes, they are not malignant, but they may cause problems for your dog.

Some of the signs of a rectal polyp in dogs include a straining or sluggish bowel, bloody feces, or diarrhea.

A veterinarian may also feel the polyps in a dog and submit a tissue sample for microscopic examination.

Symptoms may include any of the following:

Hematochezia is the presence of bright crimson blood in the feces of a dog suffering from the condition.

Effortful urination during defecating

An itchy rash on the anus

Scooting about on the ground

Mucus or blood may be present in the feces.

While defecating, the dog whimpers or cries.

Treatments available

Surgery is usually the most straightforward route in the process of treatment. The polyps are usually extracted through the anal opening and then it is stitched up afterward.

Similar surgery can be done endoscopically or by the process of using electrical needles or probes.

All of this will be explained to you by your veterinarian along with medicines that can treat the condition.

Managing the condition

After surgery or post-op, your veterinarian team will want to examine your dog around 14 days after the procedure.

This examination will give them an idea of how your dog is healing and also check for tissue repair.

After 3 months they will want to see your dog again and again after 6 months. This is vital to make sure that your dog’s health is on point along with no more reoccurrences of the condition.

Follow-up checks by your vet will probably continue at a rate of twice a year going forward and that is never a bad thing.

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Some common questions answered:

How do you treat rectal polyps in dogs?

Rectal polyps are usually treated surgically, with the polyps being removed during the procedure.

It is possible that the veterinarian will recommend that the patient take antibiotics before the procedure in order to avoid infection.

Before the surgical operation can be planned, the patient will be subjected to bloodwork and a urinalysis.

How serious are rectal polyps?

Polyps do not frequently progress to cancerous status. There is an increased risk of cancer developing in some forms of polyps (known as adenomas) that are not removed early in their development.

Doctors believe that adenoma polyps are the cause of the majority of bowel malignancies.

However, only a small percentage of polyps will develop into cancer, and it will take many years for this to occur.

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